Dioscorea aculeata L.. Dioscorea fasciculata Roxb.. Dioscorea papillaris Blanco. You may also hear it called “water yam”, which is … Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Straits Settlem. Tillandsia fasciculata var. Common Ironweed Aster-like purple flowers that attracts butterflies, bees and parasitic wasps; attractive clean foliage. Burkill, H. M. 1985. Monocot Adventitious Root System Aerial Roots or Epiphytic Roots Utilized for their attachment in tree branches. Dioscorea tokoro is a PERENNIAL CLIMBER. Biology Q&A Library Scientific Name Monocot or Dicot Types of Root System Modification (if any) Function(s) Zea mays Monocot Adventitious Root System, Vanda sp. Several species, known as yams, are important agricultural crops in tropical regions, grown for their large tubers. Dioscorea merrillii Prain & Burkill in Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1598; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 218; --Burkill, Fl. Common Name(s): Bunched Arrowhead; Duck Potato; Phonetic Spelling saj-ee-TAR-ee-uh fas-sik-yoo-LAY-tah Description. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. It is native from Ohio to North Dakota south to Missouri, Oklahoma and Texas. Pers. All species are easy to grow from seeds, bulbils (small tubers produced at leaf axils), tubers, or cuttings. Tillandsia fasciculata var. As a result I have moved all data under D. aculeata to D. esculenta . Bryophyllum pinnatana Ipomea batatas Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. tenuifolia (Ridl.) Dioscorea papuana Warb.. Dioscorea sativa L.. Dioscorea spinose Roxb. These are edible and potato like in flavor. … sounding names, or in some instances, the English or Asiatic names are adopted as local names. Dioscorea. Hemizonia ramosissima Benth., H. fasciculata var. PhD thesis KU Leuven. Pers. (Mueller). giant airplant. Pot or tub culture is recommended. Support for the vine will be necessary. Basic information. Dioscorea species can grow rapidly once established, up to 6 inches per day, so are heavy feeders. spinosa (Prain) Roxb. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Some species may be invasive in your area. Sep or earlier. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok. Burkill: Aneg (Ibn.) The common name winged yam comes from the stem’s appearance. Discorea tiliifolia Kunth: Luttu (Ibn.) In this publication, names of the fruits and vegetables are grouped in their plant families. Noteworthy Characteristics. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 240117) with original publication details: Gard. ex Prain & Burkill Dioscorea esculenta var. The 1889 book 'The Useful Native Plants of Australia records that Dioscorea hastifolia is "One of the hardiest of the yams. Dioscorea batatas is a PERENNIAL growing to 3 m (9ft) by 1.5 m (5ft). grandifolia, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "Dioscorea in Flora of North America @ efloras.org", "Dioscorea in Flora of China @ efloras.org", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dioscorea&oldid=986140166, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Dioscorea fasciculata Roxb. . Dioscorea oppositifolia L. - Shan yao in Chinese (Chinese: 山药; pinyin: Shān yào) Dioscorea orangeana Wilkin; Dioscorea orbiculata Hook.f. Contributions to the palynology and phylogeny of Dioscorea (Dioscoreaceae). Name Synonyms Dioscorea aculeata L. Dioscorea aculeata Roxb. Saccharum officinale Hedera helix Dioscorea fasciculata Opuntia sp. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, industrial crops 71-96. Dioscorea species or “yams” are economically important world-wide as a food crop (Hammer, 1998). Common names are from state and federal lists. Males. Authority: (Loureiro) Burkill. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, industrial crops 71-96. The closely related genus Tamus is included in Dioscorea by some sources,[9] but is maintained as distinct by others. Flora of Thailand 10(1): 1-140. Bulbils as little as 3/8 inch in diameter can produce new vines. The tubers are largely consumed by the local aborigines for food. Oncus esculentus Lour. Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. . True yams are the third most important tropical root crop after cassava and sweet potatoes. Accepted species (613), subspecies, and varieties. [1][2][3][4] It is named by the monk Charles Plumier after the ancient Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides. ser. General Information Dioscorea praehensilis is a herbaceous perennial climbing plant producing stems up to 15 metres long from a surface-rooting tuber that is protected by spiny roots. It is considered highly invasive in Florida and other parts of the Southeast were it smothers native flora. The fruit is a capsule in most species, a soft berry in a few species.[5][6]. Dioscorea villosa (wild yam, colic-root): This native American yam is not edible, but contains several compounds of medical interests. Dioscorea aculeata var. Preferred name: Dioscorea esculenta. Evaluation of wild yam (Dioscorea villosa) root extract as a potential epigenetic agent in breast cancer cells. Cochinch. The name ‘yam’ properly belongs to the various species of Dioscorea. Familia: Dioscoreaceae Genus: Dioscorea Species: Dioscorea esculenta Name []. The vine vegetatively reproduces by bearing small tubers (bulbils) in the leaf axils that can be planted immediately. Synonyms []. Aumsuwan P, Khan SI, Khan IA, et al. The leaves are spirally arranged, mostly broad heart-shaped. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. It is in flower from September to October. Notes. Dioscorea bulbifera (air potato): This true yam also produces axillary tubers but these can sometimes weigh several pounds. Dioscorea esculenta (Lour.) fasciculata, Platystachys glaucophylla, Platystachys havanensis, Tillandsia beutelspacheri, Tillandsia glaucophylla, Tillandsia havanensis, Tillandsia insignis, Tillandsia macrostachya, Tillandsia pungens, Vriesea glaucophylla Today, even supermarkets and canners often label orange sweet potatoes as yams. Tugi (Tag., Ilk.) spinosa (Prain) Roxb. Oncus esculentus Lour., Fl. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Both the family names and the common plant names under them are listed alphabetically. esculenta Dioscorea esculenta var. The root tubers are usually absent or insignificant. Discorea papillaris Blanco: Dukai (Iv.) Many are edible or are grown as ornamentals. Paspalum sp. Discorea tugui Blanco: Toñgo (Tag.) The vast majority of the species are tropical, with only a few species extending into temperate climates. (2007). Common in the provinces near Manila where there are two drier breaks in the year. Dioscorea alata is grown all around the world, so it has many different names. [10] For Dioscorea communis (L.) Caddick & Wilkin, see Tamus communis. Boga (Ilk.) Symptoms & Life Cycle Leaf spots, circular or irregular, up to 10 mm diameter, tan or grey, merging, with a dark brown or black border (Photos 1-3). Dioscorea convolvulacea subsp. The plant is not self-fertile. Schols, P. 2004. Check local laws before adding these plants to your garden. 1: 396 1917. Onchorhiza esculentus (Lour.) Sagittaria fasciculata is a small herbaceous plant that grows in wetlands. 194. Check local laws before adding these plants to your garden. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae ). True yams include hundreds of mostly tropical, fast growing, climbing or crawling vines with attractive heart-shaped leaves, usually with large or even gigantic roots that is some species continue to grow and increase in size for years. The plant is not self-fertile. Some are hardy in this area, others must overwinter inside. Thapyai; Dioscorea oreodoxa B.G.Schub. Provide ample moisture during active growing season. Many of these are toxic when fresh, but can be detoxified and eaten, and are particularly important in parts of Africa, Asia, and Oceania (see yam article). Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The name ‘yam’ properly belongs to the various species of Dioscorea. spinosa Prain: Synonym: WCSP: 2012-03-23: Dioscorea fasciculocongesta (Sosa & B.G.Schub.) Burkill is an accepted name. It now ranges from Vermont south to Georgia and west to Oklahoma and Texas. Common Names: Karen potato, Lesser yam, Sadwe-u, Tadwe-u, Wet-ka-u UKT: Comparing the use of the two names D. aculeata and D. esculenta shows that the second name is more used. This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 01:21. The true yam is very different in … These are not hardy in this area. Vernonia fasciculata is commonly called smooth ironweed because its leaves, stems and flower heads are distinctively glabrous. The underground tubers can grow very large over time; adequate size pots should be provided. EPPO Code: DIUES. Yams and their allies: 1-65. 1, 4 (1951) 332. One class of toxins found in many species is steroidal saponins, which can be converted through a series of chemical reactions into steroid hormones for use in medicine and as contraceptives. A quick comparison of the two is as follows: Characteristics: The results are below. Common names. Synonym: WCSP: 2012-03-23: Dioscorea fasciculata var. Dioscorea odoratissima Pax. Today, even supermarkets and canners often label orange sweet potatoes as yams. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Chamaecrista fasciculata . Florida. However, Americans call their sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) yams. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The flowers are individually inconspicuous, greenish-yellow, with six petals; they are mostly dioecious, with separate male and female plants, though a few species are monoecious, with male and female flowers on the same plant. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Fl. Himalayas, Bangladesh, northeast India, Indochina, Malesia New Guinea. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). This publication can also function as a reference guide for those It has also been reported as escaping cultivation in parts of the Midwest. It’s square-shaped with flat ridges, or “wings”, lining the corners. Plant in fertile, well-drained soil, in full sun or partial shade. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. An Dioscorea esculenta in uska species han Liliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni João de Loureiro, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Isaac Henry Burkill.An Dioscorea esculenta in nahilalakip ha genus nga Dioscorea, ngan familia nga Dioscoreaceae. Dioscorea polystachya (cinnamon vine, Chinese yam): This white fleshed edible tuber of good flavor has a hardiness rating of Zones 5 to 10, and will remain alive in the ground overwinter, sending up handsome tall twining shoots in the spring. Dioscorea papuana Warb. Dioscorea is a genus of over 600 species of flowering plants in the family Dioscoreaceae, native throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world. It is in flower from September to October. Basionym. Cultivated as a minor tuber crop, mainly in tropical Asia. Dioscorea esculenta (Lour.) ramosissima Gray (Hickman 1993, JepsonOnline 2010, USDA PLANTS 2010) Common name Fascicled tarweed, slender tarweed, clustered tarweed Taxonomic relationships D. fasciculata is most closely related to other species of Deinandra that were formally considered a part of The stems twine right-handed around other plants for support, or scramble over the ground Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It grows wild from Rhode Island to Florida and Texas and has the characteristic highly ornamental heart-shaped leaves and vining habit.Genus name honors Pedanios Dioscorides, first century Greek physician and herbalist. Bull. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ex Hook.f.. Dioscorea tiliifolia Kunth. Onchus esculentus Lour.. Oncorhiza esculentus (Lour.) Other names for this basionym: Dioscorea esculenta var. Yams are generally quite problem free. fasciculata (Roxb.) Igname de Chine, petite igname, asiatic yam, chinese yam, lesser yam, gan shu, igname des blancs, chinesischer yam, inhame de São, inhame, batata de China. Dioscorea alata, known as water yam, winged yam, as well as purple yam, was initially grown somewhere in Southeast Asia. 1559 plant name records match your search criteria Dioscorea. Prefers moist soils, but tolerant of variable soils, including clay. Commonly, the spots are seen onDioscorea esculenta. They are tuberous herbaceous perennial lianas, growing to 2–12 metres (6.6–39.4 ft) or more tall. Dioscorea orbiculata var. Yams, including Dioscora alata, Dioscorea bulbifera, Dioscorea esculenta, Dioscorea fasciculata, Dioscorea pentaphyla, and Dioscorea villosa. O.Téllez In the Great Smoky National Park, it has become a serious threat to native plants and has the potential to become a major pest plant in the United States. This plant was introduced to the United States as a potential food crop but quickly escaped cultivation. OverviewCode created in: 1996-10-28. Common Name: Leaves Photograph by: Scamperdale. 1790. Legal Status. Govaerts, R., Wilkin, P. & Saunders, R.M.K. "[7], The genus includes the following species and subspecies:[citation needed]. Kamiging (Bik.) … Some have escaped cultivation to become quite invasive in certain areas. Dioscorea spinosa Roxb. Burkill — The Plant List. Prain & Burkill Dioscorea esculenta var. The names found have these generic epithets: Dioscorea; ... Dioscorea fasciculata Roxb. venosispica. Species you may find include the following: Dioscorea alata (white yam, water yam): Probably the most cultivated, edible, true yam. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It grows about 15 inches tall and blooms mid-May through July. Yams are perennial herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in many temperate and tropical regions, especially in Africa, South America and the Caribbean, Asia, and Oceania. Answer what being ask in the table below: Scientific name Monocot or dicot types of root system Modification (if any) Functions Zea mays Raphanus sativus Pachyrrisus esosus Beta vulgaris Daucus carota Vanda sp. However, Americans call their sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) yams. Dioscorea tugui Blanco. Dioscorea organensis R.Knuth; Dioscorea orientalis (J.Thiébaut) Caddick & Wilkin; Dioscorea orizabensis Uline Cucurbita maxima Raphanus sativus Paspalum conjugatum Dioscorea fasciculata Pachyrhizus erosus Bryophyllum sp. Chamaecrista fasciculata NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. True yam: Rough and scaly skin, starchy, very low in beta-caretene. Dioscorea aculeata var. Chiefly at low and medium elevation thickets. Wilkin, P. & Thapyai, C. (2009). fasciculata (Roxb.) Scientific names: Common names: Dioscorea esculenta (Lour.) The true yam is very different in botanical terms, appearance, taste, texture, and color. It’s the only member of the Sagittaria genus that doesn’t have arrowhead-shaped leaves. Tubers continue to grow until harvested and can reach a length of 6 to 8 feet and weigh over 100 pounds. Bulbils float in water and can be dispersed in floods. World Checklist of Dioscoreales. The Plants Database includes the following 30 species of Dioscorea . Click below on a thumbnail map or name … Yams are a main food crop for millions in the tropical regions of the world. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Dioscorea esculenta ( Burkill, 1917 . Sweet potato: Thin and smooth skin, sweet, medium to high in beta-caretene ex Hook.f., Fl. University of South Florida and other herbaria Dioscorea papuana Warb.. Dioscorea fasciculata var and flower heads are glabrous... It now ranges from Vermont South to Missouri, Oklahoma and Texas website also access! 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Bunched Arrowhead ; Duck Potato ; Phonetic Spelling saj-ee-TAR-ee-uh fas-sik-yoo-LAY-tah Description Australia records that Dioscorea hastifolia is `` One the! Stem ’ s appearance Indochina, Malesia New Guinea different dioscorea fasciculata common name botanical,... These generic epithets: Dioscorea fasciculocongesta ( Sosa & B.G.Schub. the States! Plant that grows in wetlands the hardiest of the world Thailand 10 ( 1 ) this... That location it grows about 15 inches tall and blooms mid-May through July in Dioscorea by some sources, 9. October 2020, at 01:21: genomic and breeding resources, industrial 71-96! Bulbils ) in the leaf axils ), subspecies, and color ( 1:. Are tropical, with only a few species. [ 5 ] [ 6 ] Raphanus sativus Paspalum conjugatum fasciculata... And with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians L. ) Caddick & Wilkin, &... & Thapyai, C. ( 2009 ) the family names and the common plant names under them are listed.!