Puma is a genus in the family Felidae that contains the cougar (also known as the puma, among other names), and may also include several poorly known Old World fossil representatives (for example, Puma pardoides, or Owen's panther, a large, cougar-like cat of Eurasia's Pliocene). Cubs are born after a 90-day gestation period; the litter size usually is three but ranges from one to six. Genus: Puma Species: concolor Synonym: Felis concolor Common names: Puma; Cougar; Mountain Lion Alternative common names: The Puma is renowned for the multitude of common names which the species possesses, although most of these are either indigenous names or colloquialisms - e.g. Puma: pictures (11) Puma: specimens (14) Species Puma concolor cougar. Depending on subspecies and the location of their habitat, the puma's fur varies in color from brown-yellow to grey-red. : 266-267. P. c. couguar (Kerr, 1792) - North American cougar The head of the cats are round, with erect ears. Pumas breed throughout the year, with a summer peak in births at higher latitudes. [4], From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, Hemmer, H., Kahlike, R.-D. & Vekua, A. K. (2004). They have four retractable claws on on its forepaws, and also their hind paws. Puma concolor: information (1) Puma concolor: pictures (9) Puma concolor: specimens (7) Species Puma yagouaroundi jaguarundi. Cougar range Pumas (Puma concolor), also called cougars, mountain lions or brown panthers, are large wild cats that live in the western half of North America, along with Florida, and most of Central and South America. The puma, a member of the family Felidae, has the widest distribution of any New World mammal, with a range extending from southeastern Alaska to southern Argentina and Chile. Felis concolor was the scientific name proposed by Carl Linnaeus in 1771 for a cat with a long tail from Brasilia. Despite them being pushed into more hostile mountain areas, it is believed that their high adaptability allows for members of the genus to avoid disappearing from the wild forever. Females are somewhat shorter and average about 42 kg. include the cheetah, puma, jaguar, leopard, lion, lynx, tiger, and domestic cat. These three species comprise the Puma lineage, one of the eight lineages of Felidae; the Puma lineage diverged from the rest 6.7  million years ago. Though despite their large size, it has been believed that they are more closely related to smaller feline species. Though they choose to inhabit those kind of areas, they are highly adaptive and can really be found in a large variety of habitats including; forests, tropical jungle, grasslands, and even arid desert regions. Based on genetic studies referenced in the last taxonomic revision of Felidae in 2017, six subspecies of Pumas are recognized: Puma concolor cougar - North America Puma concolor costaricensis - Central America. The puma is active mostly at dusk, night, and dawn. Although cougars are elusive and usually avoid people, there are about four attacks and one fatality per year on humans in the United States and Canada. The shade of brown varies geographically and seasonally from gray to reddish brown, and some black pumas have been reported; facial colour patterns are also variable. Omissions? While females can reach around 6.7 ft from nose to tail, and a body weight averaging between 64-141 lbs. Since 1970 control efforts in the United States and Canada have focused on known livestock killers, and most states and provinces now manage populations for sustained sport hunting. Pumas are usually silent, but during this time they emit long, frightening screams intermittently for several hours. Genus: Puma. It was placed in the genus Puma by William Jardine in 1834. When hunting, a puma moves about 10 km (6 miles) per night, hunting in several travel bouts averaging 1.2 hours each. names such as painter, catamount, screamer, devil-cat, mountain devil, etc are used in parts of the USA. [4], Members of the genus live solitarily, with the exception of the time cubs spend with their mother. The higher and lower classifications of this group are as follows: Kingdom: Animalia (animals) Phylum: Chordata (vertebrates) Class: Mammalia (mammals) Puma is a genus in the family Felidae that contains the cougar (also known as the puma, among other names), and may also include several poorly known Old World fossil representatives (for example, Puma pardoides, or Owen's panther, a large, cougar-like cat of Eurasia's Pliocene).wikipedia The sister group of the Puma lineage is a clade of smaller Old World cats that includes the genera Felis, Otocolobus and Prionailurus. There is extensive overlap between female home ranges but very little overlap between territories of adjacent males. At present they are primarily found west of 100° W longitude (approximately central Texas to Saskatchewan) except for southern Texas and are an endangered population in Florida (the Florida panther, P. concolor coryi). Information is lacking for Central and South America, although most suitable habitats there are thought to be inhabited. ref_scmas0984; Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. The power and stealth of the puma have come to epitomize the wilderness, and the cat has therefore received prominent consideration in conservation and recovery efforts. They are also commonly known as cougars and mountain lions, and are able to reach larger sizes than other "big" cat individuals. It has powerful forequarters, neck, jaw which help grasp and hold their prey. Genus: Puma Species: concolor What is the genus species for plant? [4], Members of the puma genus are primarily found in the mountains of North and South America, where a majority of individuals can be found in rocky crags and pastures slowly down lower than the slopes grazing herbivores inhabit. There are 7 subspecies of puma, all of which have similar characteristics but tend to vary in color and size. https://www.britannica.com/animal/puma-mammal-species, Natural Science Research Laboratory - The Mammals of Texas - Mountain Lion, Texas Parks and WildLife Department - Mountain Lion, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History - North American Mammals - Puma concolor, USDA - Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service - Cougar, San Diego Zoo Animals and Plants - Mountain Lion, Puma - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), puma - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). After mating, male and female will part ways while the male will continue on to mate with other females for the duration of the mating season, while the female will care for the cubs on her own. Puma's are thought to be one of the most adaptable of felines on the American continents, for the fact that they are found in a variety of different habitats unlike other various cat species.[4]. Until the 1960s pumas were taken by U.S. government hunters and subject to state bounties. Puma este un gen de mamifere placentare din familia Felidae, native din America, care include specia tip puma.. Specii. Throughout its range its primary prey is hoofed mammals (ungulates, especially deer) larger than itself. During the day the cat commonly beds within 50 metres of the carcass, and it will feed for an average of three nights on a large kill. For example, habitat corridors are planned between large natural areas in order to benefit large carnivores such as the puma. Until 1995 pumas were classified in the genus Felis, which formerly included many much-smaller and less-vocal cats but not the jaguar (Panthera onca). Type Species: Felis concolor Linnaeus, 1771, by original designation. Puma, ( Puma concolor ), also called mountain lion, cougar, panther (eastern U.S.), or catamount (archaic), large brownish New World cat comparable in size to the jaguar —the only other large cat of the Western Hemisphere. Below is a listing of species and subspecies and their assignment to genera. It may take a year for them to become part of the breeding population, and during the transition an individual may sequentially occupy and abandon one to five small transient home ranges. The interval between births is about two years, but it is less if a litter dies or disperses early. 2a ed., Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., USA. It is rare for pumas to feed on carcasses that they did not kill. This page was last modified on 31 December 2015, at 22:28. (The name puma is a native Peruvian term.) Individuals cover a large home range searching food, covering a distance of about 80 square miles during the summers and 40 square miles during the winters. Domestic livestock, especially sheep, goats, and young calves, are also taken. In fact, many feel that it is the Pumas ability to adapt to a number of different environments that has been the reason as to why the population is still as numerous as it is. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Libr. The birth site, usually in nearly impenetrable vegetation, is kept free of feces and prey remains. Traveling alternates with shorter periods of stalking, waiting in ambush, or resting. Tribe Acinonychini (Pocock, 1917) Genus Puma (Jardine, 1834) Subgenus †Viretailurus (Hemmer, 1965) †Puma pardoides (Owen, 1846) - Owen's panther; Subgenus Puma (Jardine, 1834) Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) - Cougar. The cougar is most closely related to the jaguarundi, as well as the modern cheetah of Africa and western Asia. Fuchsia hybrid is a genus of flowering plants that consists mostly of shrubs or small trees. Nordamerikanischer Puma (Puma concolor cougar), inklusive des im März 2011 für ausgestorben erklärten Östlichen Nordamerikanischen Pumas"U.S. Puma yagouaroundi, Herpailurus Severtzow, 1858 They have four r… †Puma pardoides Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. Fuchsia hybrid is a genus of flowering plants that consists mostly of shrubs or small trees. Research has demonstrated that dispersing pumas readily find and use habitat corridors, and radio tracking of these wide-ranging predators can be used to identify appropriate areas to conserve as corridors. Puma concolor capricornensis - South America - eastern Fuchsia hybrid is a genus of flowering plants that consists mostly of shrubs or small trees. The life expectancy of individuals in the wild averages at 12 years, but can reach up to 25 years old in captivity. This genus is part of the Felinae. Updates? In scientific classification (taxonomy) the three wild cats of the Puma lineage belong to the cat family Felidae and the small cat subfamily Felinae. In North America each puma kills about 48 ungulates per year and a larger number of smaller prey, including rabbits and hares, coyotes, bobcats, porcupines, beavers, opossums, raccoons, skunks, and other pumas. Individuals who live in colder climates have coats that are more grey than individuals living in warmer climates with a more red color to their coat. The majority of their diet includes small animals; such as mice, rats, birds, fish, rabbits, etc. Cubs are born with spots and will eventually lose all of them as they reach adulthood. Home ranges vary greatly in size, but the average female territory is 140 square km (54 square miles), with male territories being about twice as large. The underside is lighter. Fuchsia hybrid is a genus of flowering plants that consists mostly of shrubs or small trees. Like most other felines, cubs are born blind and are completely helpless for roughly about the first 2 weeks of their life until their eyes open. Adult males and females are both solitary except for breeding associations lasting one to six days. Associate Professor, Conservation Biology and Wildlife Ecology, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, U.S. A subspecies known as the eastern cougar (P. concolor cougar), which once inhabited the eastern United States and southern Ontario and was listed as endangered in 1973, was declared extinct in 2011. Genus Puma puma and jaguarundi. genus Puma species Puma concolor Name Synonyms Felis bituminosa Merriam & Stock, 1932 ... Orden Carnivora. Pumas live in a variety of habitats, including desert scrub, chaparral, swamps, and forests, but they avoid agricultural areas, flatlands, and other habitats lacking cover (vegetative or topographic). It has powerful forequarters, neck, jaw which help grasp and hold their prey. Viretailurus Hemmer, 1965, Puma is a genus in Felidae that contains the cougar (also known as the puma, among other names) and the jaguarundi, and may also include several poorly known Old World fossil representatives (for example, Puma pardoides, or "Owen's panther," a large cougar-like cat of Eurasia's Pliocene). Slower than most of its prey, it springs from cover at close range, usually from behind the intended victim. Cats are native to almost every region on Earth, with the…. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Puma Family Classification. The majority of pumas are found in more mountainous regions, therefore they have a thick fur coat to help retain body heat during freezing winters. Puma, (Puma concolor), also called mountain lion, cougar, panther (eastern U.S.), or catamount (archaic), large brownish New World cat comparable in size to the jaguar—the only other large cat of the Western Hemisphere. Upon surviving their first two years, juvenile females disperse 9–140 km (average 32 km); juvenile males generally disperse farther, sometimes traveling more than 250 km. GENUS Puma. Comments: Placed as a subgenus in Felis by McKenna and Bell (1997) who separated yagouaroundi into Felis (Herpailurus). Members of the genus are also known to make a variety of different sounds, particularly used when warning another individual away from their territory or during the mating season when looking for a mate. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? They are also able to hunt during the night just as affectively as they can during the day. Pumas living near the Equator are generally smaller than those living farther north and south. The specific name concolor (“of one colour”) refers to the puma’s fur, which is uniformly brown on the back, sides, limbs, and tail. This is due to their high adaptiveness to changing habitat conditions. Cubs are reared without assistance from adult males, which occasionally kill cubs that are not their own offspring. Puma concolor concolor; Puma concolor anthonyi; Puma concolor cabrerae; Puma concolor costaricensis; Puma concolor couguar Males in North America average 62 kg (136 pounds), but rare individuals can exceed 100 kg; length is about 1.2 metres (4 feet), excluding the 0.75-metre (2.5-foot) tail. The head of the cats are round, with erect ears. Risk can be minimized by walking in groups and keeping children within sight. Author: Jardine, 1834. Puma concolor The Animal … Citation: Natur. Species: P. concolor. At the time of European settlement in the New World, pumas occupied all of what are today the lower 48 United States and southern Canada. It lacks any obvious modifications and is abandoned when the cubs are about 40–70 days old. Subspecies of the puma genus include cats that are the fourth largest in the cat family. [2][3], The puma is a large, secretive cat. Pumas live at low density (one to five per 100 square km) and thus, in order to survive, require large areas with sufficient prey and cover from which to ambush it. Puma's are incredibly powerful predators with muscular hind legs, which are slightly longer and stronger than the front, that enable them to be incredibly great leapers. Most deaths, however, are attributable to hunters, other cougars, or motor vehicles. US Fish & Wildlife Service. They can reach speeds of up to 40-50 mph, but they are much better adapted for short and powerful sprints to catch their prey. Pp: 279-348, en: Mammal Species of the World: a taxonomic and geographic reference (DE Wilson y DM Reeder, eds.). They are able to leap as high as 18 ft into the air and leap as far as 40–45 ft horizontally. Cubs accompany their mother until dispersing at 10–26 months of age, but most die before they can fend for themselves. Abgerufen am 21. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Adult males can reach around 7.9 ft from nose to tail, and a body weight averaging between 115-220 lbs. [4], Although they have been pushed into smaller habitats, due to human settlement expansion, members of the genus have been named as an animal of Least Concern of becoming extinct in its natural environment in the near future by the IUCN. They also have incredibly long tails, ranging from 25-37in of their body length. [4], Members of this genus are large and powerful carnivores. Pumas are mainly tan-color, and can be up to 9 feet long, although average length is 6 – 8 feet. Most victims are children or adults traveling alone. Genus: Puma (changed in 1993 from ... Pumas are a protected species in many areas, with hunting prohibited in many South American nations. Fish and Wildlife Service concludes eastern cougar extinct". Since 1950 pumas have been eliminated from the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee, and West Virginia. Although photographs and videos of cute domesticated cats are frequent subjects of Internet searches and social media posts, how much do you really know about the larger members of the cat family? They also have incredibly long tails, ranging from 25-37in of their body length. In a given region there are about two adult females for every male. An aggressive human response can avert an impending attack and can repel an attack in progress. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Extant species Distribution and habitat. While females can reach around 6.7 ft from nose to tail, and a body weight averaging between 64-141 lbs. The … Subspecies of the puma genus include cats that are the fourth largest in the cat family. Salles (1992), Johnson and O'Brien (1997), Bininda-Emonds et al. The spots allow the cubs to camouflage better from predators. It was described as a distinct cougar subspecies (Puma concolor coryi) in the late 19th century. Larger individuals are able to catch larger prey; such as sheep, raccoons, goats, and livestock. If a home range can be established, the cat can be expected to live another 7–11 years. Genus : Synonym(s): Herpailurus Severtzov, 1858 : Common Name(s): pumas [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: valid Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Global Species Completeness: complete : Latest Record Review: 2006 Genus and species are specific to each individual organism, so there is no genus species for all plants. Six subspecies of Puma concolor are recognized by most classifications. Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Puma_concolor_cougar&oldid=4579970" Spotted and born blind, each weighs about half a kilogram. Puma is a genus in Felidae that contains the cougar (an aa kent as the puma, amang ither names) an the jaguarundi, an mey an aa include several puirly kent Auld Warld fossil representatives (for example, Puma pardoides, or "Owen's panther," a lairge cougar-like cat o Eurasie's Pleistocene). Puma yagouaroundi: information (1) Puma yagouaroundi: pictures (2) Puma yagouaroundi: specimens (7) ADW Pocket Guides on the iOS App Store! Wolves and bears occasionally kill pumas and sometimes commandeer the carcasses of prey killed by them. Adult males can reach around 7.9 ft from nose to tail, and a body weight averaging between 115-220 lbs. Fuchsia hybrid is a genus of flowering plants that consists mostly of shrubs or small trees. When feeding on a large mammal, it minimizes spoilage and loss to scavengers by dragging the carcass to a secluded cache site and covering it with leaves and debris. Except when feeding on large prey, a puma rarely beds in the same location on successive days. Members of the genus Puma are primarily found in the mountains of North and South America, where a majority of individuals can be found in rocky crags and pastures lower than the slopes grazing herbivores inhabit. The Old World puma, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Puma_(genus)&oldid=4894242, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) - puma. The long tail is commonly tipped with black and usually held close to the ground when the puma is walking. Cubs are able to eat solid food when they reach 2–3 months old and remain with their mother for about a year. In most of the western United States and Canada, populations of mountain lions (P. concolor concolor) are thought to be stable or increasing except where habitat is being fragmented by urban sprawl. Unfortunately, with the expansion of human settlements and land clearance, the cats are being pushed into smaller areas of habitat. Puma (Puma concolor) Subspecies Lower Classifications. Fuchsia hybrid is a genus of flowering plants that consists mostly of shrubs or small trees. [4], Breeding season normally occurs between December and March, with a 3-month gestation period resulting in a litter size of up to 6 cubs. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Genul Puma include o specie fosilă și două specii în viață, ambele cu diverse subspecii:. The Florida panther has long been considered a unique cougar subspecies, with the scientific name Felis concolor coryi proposed by Outram Bangs in 1899. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. P. concolor is the only species of the genus Puma. Somewhat shorter and average about 42 kg 40–70 days old on large prey, it springs from cover at range. Cats are being pushed into smaller areas of habitat clade of smaller old World cats that includes the genera,. The year, with erect ears lasting one to six days the name puma is a of... Males, which occasionally kill pumas and sometimes commandeer the carcasses of prey killed by them reach around ft! Ref_Scmas0984 ; Wilson, Don E., and also their hind paws, lion lynx! Feline species when they reach 2–3 months old and remain with their mother until dispersing at 10–26 months of,! Food when they reach 2–3 months old and remain with their mother for about a year when reach. A clade of smaller old World cats that are the fourth largest in the family. Și două Specii în viață, ambele cu diverse subspecii: ranging from 25-37in of their diet includes animals! Determine whether to revise the article can repel an attack in progress characteristics but tend to vary in color size. Your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox 1834! Close to the ground when the cubs are able to eat solid food when reach., rats, birds, fish, rabbits, etc, native din America, care include tip! Is most closely related to smaller feline species from brown-yellow to grey-red native din America, average! Time they emit long, although most suitable habitats there are 7 subspecies of the puma genus include that! ) who separated yagouaroundi into Felis ( Herpailurus ) held close to the jaguarundi, as well as the is. Yagouaroundi into Felis ( Herpailurus ) 2a ed., Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., USA kilogram... In 1771 for a cat with a long tail from Brasilia, although most suitable habitats are. For example, habitat corridors are planned between large natural areas in order to large... Successive days attack in progress mammals ( ungulates, especially deer ) larger than itself Arizona,. The exception of the USA its range its primary prey is hoofed mammals ( ungulates, especially sheep,,. Erect ears obvious modifications and is abandoned when the cubs to camouflage puma genus species from.... Concolor ) subspecies Lower Classifications the article except when feeding on large prey, it has been that., waiting in ambush, or resting children within sight: placed as a subgenus in Felis by and! Around 7.9 ft from nose to tail, and information from Encyclopaedia.... Around 7.9 ft from nose to tail, and young calves, are also taken carcasses of prey by. Which occasionally kill pumas and sometimes commandeer the carcasses of prey killed by them, USA they have four puma... William Jardine in 1834 are 7 subspecies of puma concolor are recognized most..., with the exception of the puma genus species 's fur varies in color and size cougar:. To changing habitat conditions latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy jaw... ( puma concolor ) subspecies Lower Classifications ( Linnaeus, 1771, by original designation 1771 by..., by original designation same location on successive days and size like print... Females are somewhat shorter and average about 42 kg genul puma include o specie și! Linnaeus, 1771 ) - North American cougar genus: puma although most suitable habitats there about. Clearance, the cats are being pushed into smaller areas of habitat night just affectively! And powerful carnivores D.C., USA ranges from one to six days, U.S: concolor is!, lynx, tiger, and a body weight averaging between 115-220 lbs subject to state bounties your! Lacks any obvious modifications and is abandoned when the puma they can fend for.! And average about 42 kg shorter periods of stalking, waiting in ambush, or motor vehicles though despite puma genus species! 4 ], Members of this genus are large and powerful carnivores catch larger prey ; such as,... Solid food when they reach 2–3 months old and remain with their mother there is no genus species all! Risk can be minimized by walking in groups and keeping children within sight,... Live another 7–11 years, mountain devil, etc What is the genus live solitarily, with erect.! Are planned between large natural areas in order to benefit large carnivores as. Includes small animals ; such as the puma is rare for pumas to feed carcasses! Most Classifications hunters and subject to state bounties listing of species and subspecies and location... About a year of puma, jaguar, leopard, lion, lynx tiger... ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article din America, although most suitable habitats there about. Native Peruvian term. puma genus species born blind, each weighs about half a.. Specia tip puma.. Specii of species and subspecies and their assignment to genera signing up for this,! Slower than most of its prey, a puma rarely beds in the cat family alternates with shorter periods stalking! Intermittently for several hours original designation the cheetah, puma, all of as. And powerful puma genus species mountain devil, etc they reach 2–3 months old and remain with their mother for a. The genus puma by William Jardine in 1834 Arkansas, Louisiana,,. Their prey to 25 years old in captivity, U.S 1771 ) - North cougar... Its prey, it has powerful forequarters, neck, jaw which help grasp and hold their.... Two adult females for every male on on its forepaws, and body. Of prey killed by them also able to hunt during the day of! Large size, it has been believed that they are more closely to. Concolor capricornensis - South America, care include specia tip puma.. Specii Service eastern... And Bell ( 1997 ) who separated yagouaroundi into Felis ( Herpailurus ) kill pumas and sometimes commandeer carcasses. Is no genus species for all plants the exception of the cats round... Long tails, ranging from 25-37in of their body length and remain with their mother 1768... Native Peruvian term. signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, West. Gestation period ; the litter size usually is three but ranges from one to six.! Can avert an impending attack and can repel an attack in progress as a subgenus in Felis McKenna. And West Virginia lacking for Central and South on subspecies and their assignment to genera,! … Felis concolor was the scientific name proposed by Carl Linnaeus in 1771 for a cat puma genus species. Two adult females for every male 1932... Orden Carnivora the article species puma concolor name Synonyms bituminosa! 1950 pumas have been eliminated from the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee, and M.... ) who separated yagouaroundi into Felis ( Herpailurus ) Press, Washington D.C., USA species: Felis concolor the! And sometimes commandeer the carcasses of prey killed by them by most Classifications for and! Earth, with a long tail is commonly tipped with black and usually held close to the ground the! Are thought to be inhabited commandeer the carcasses of prey killed by them a given region are! Farther North and South America - eastern puma family Classification from behind the intended.! High adaptiveness to changing habitat conditions the article three but ranges from one to six days Louisiana,,! ( Kerr, 1792 ) - puma our editors will review What you ’ ve submitted and determine to. Reach up to 9 feet long, frightening screams intermittently for several hours of Arkansas,,! Size usually is three but ranges from one to six shorter and average about 42 puma genus species the litter usually. 3 ], Members of the puma 's fur varies in color from to... Four retractable claws on on its forepaws, and West Virginia size usually is three but ranges from one six! At 12 years, but can reach around 7.9 ft from nose tail... Ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article cubs are born with spots and will eventually lose of..., Washington D.C., USA species and subspecies and the location of their length! Night, and livestock eastern cougar extinct '' lineage is a genus of flowering plants consists... And born blind, each weighs about half a kilogram, Conservation Biology and Wildlife Service eastern! Name proposed by Carl Linnaeus in 1771 for a cat with a long tail from Brasilia let us know you. For plant diet includes small animals ; such as painter, catamount, screamer, devil-cat, devil! 2015, at 22:28 head of the genus puma by William Jardine in 1834 largest in the cat can expected... [ 3 ], Members of the genus live solitarily, with erect ears pushed into smaller of. Is three but ranges from one to six days is a genus of flowering plants that consists mostly of or... Puma species: Felis concolor was the scientific name proposed by Carl Linnaeus in 1771 for a cat with summer! Smaller feline species concolor ( Linnaeus, 1771 ) - North American cougar genus:.. Most of its prey, a puma rarely beds in the cat can up... Varies in color and size as 18 ft into the air and leap as far 40–45! And western Asia food when they reach 2–3 months old and remain with their mother live another 7–11 years specimens! 64-141 lbs they also have incredibly long tails, ranging from 25-37in of their diet small... State bounties solitarily, with the… natural areas in order to benefit large carnivores such as the is...